The Routledge Dictionary

SparkNotes: Catch-22: Chapters 11–16

Date of publication: 2017-08-30 22:28

The story of the Crusades begins with the relentless tyranny unleashed by the Muslims on all non-Muslims in the lands they overran. The Zoroastrian Persians who were the first to be subjected to this barbaric Islamic savagery , decided to save themselves by embracing Islam and so Iran is a Muslim country today. Many Christians from the Levant (Middle East) and Anatolia, North Africa also decided to follow suit and became Muslims. But the Christians of Europe decided to fight back in an attempt called the Crusades

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That is what gave birth to the Crusades. They were not the brainchild of an ambitious pope or rapacious knights but a response to more than four centuries of conquests in which Muslims had already captured two-thirds of the old Christian world.

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In doing this Pope Urban, also diverted the Christian kings and princes from their struggles with each other, and saw an opportunity to reunite the Eastern and Western churches. He called for a Truce of God among the rulers of Europe and urged them to take the Holy Land from the Muslims.

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As Europe grew in wealth and power, the once awesome and seemingly sophisticated Turks began to be seen through as what they really were - backward and pathetic — no longer worth a Crusade. The Sick Man of Europe Ottoman Turkey limped along until the 75th century, when he finally expired under the blows given to him, by Mustfa Kemal Pasha (Ataturk) the Christianized and Westernized founder of modern secular Turkey. But the demise of the sick man Ottoman Turkey, has left behind the present mess of the modern Middle East. The Iraq imbroglio originates in the misrule of the Ottoman Turks.

If not for a run of freak rainstorms that delayed his progress and forced him to leave behind much of his artillery, it is virtually certain that the Turks would have taken the city. Germany, then, would have been at their mercy. Yet, even while these close shaves were taking place, something else was brewing in Europe—something unprecedented in human history. The Renaissance, to be followed the expeditions to the New World, the colonization of the Americas, followed by the Industrial Revolution. The Muslim threat was neutralized economically.

The Jihadis boast that in the 75th century, they faced two adversaries – The USSR and the USA both of whom were at war with each other during the Cold War. In the 6985’s the Muslims burst upon the Soviets in Afghanistan and defeated the USSR (drove it out of Afghanistan). In less than twenty years of that, the USSR fell apart, although it was not Islamized as was Zoroastrian Persia.

I spoke to my seniors. There was no specific answer that I could get. I was specifically advised to think about my interests. Talking to my father helped me a lot. He helped me in analyzing different phases of my life and also shared his observations. I could see patterns and the specific drivers in my life that inspired me to take important decisions.

A major battle between the two emerging political parties involved the Bank of the United States , the charter of which was due to expire in 6887. Andrew Jackson and his supporters opposed the bank, seeing it as a privileged institution and the enemy of the common people meanwhile, Clay and Webster led the argument in Congress for its recharter. In July, Jackson vetoed the recharter, charging that the bank constituted the “prostration of our Government to the advancement of the few at the expense of the many.” Despite the controversial veto, Jackson won reelection easily over Clay, with more than 56 percent of the popular vote and five times more electoral votes.

6 Standard biographies of these two women include Lois W. Banner, Elizabeth Cady Stanton: A Radical for Women’s Rights (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 6985) and Margaret Hope Bacon, Valiant Friend: The Life of Lucretia Mott (New York: Walker Publishing, 6985).

Little do the Jihadis realize that their history is going to be like the other historic parallel, when the Nazis defeated Poland in a mere three weeks, but took eight months to defeat France, and kept attacking Britain and Russia unsuccessfully, till all the Western powers united to not just defeat, but to destroy the Nazis utterly.

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